Modifications in a wide range of crops are at the research and development stage internationally, including the following examples:
• Stress tolerant crops (e.g. to drought, cold and saline soils)
• Pest and disease resistance
• Improved crop keeping quality
• Improved oil crops for food and industrial processing
• Improved feeding value
• Improved Vitamin E content
• Elimination of specific food allergies
• Pharmaceutical production (vaccines, cystic fibrosis treatment)
• Energy crops (ethanol)
• Trees for papermaking
The crops being modified include: cabbage, chilli, cotton, forage grasses, forage clovers, melon, maize, papaya, peanut, petunia, potato, rapeseed, rice, soybean, squash, sweet pepper, tobacco, tomato, and wheat.
C. James (2002). Global Review of Commercialized Transgenic Crops: 2001. Feature: Bt Cotton. ISAAA Briefs No. 26 - 2002 (http://www.isaaa.org/Publications/briefs/briefs_26afri.htm)
OECD (1992). Biotechnology, Agriculture and Food. OECD, Paris
J.M. Dunwell (2002). Future prospects for transgenic crops. Phytochemistry Reviews, 1, 1.
A. Cockburn (2004). Commercial plant breeding: what is in the biotech pipeline? Journal of Commercial Biotechnology, 10, 197-272.